St Peter’s Square in Vatican City – Tour in Rome
St. Peter’s Square. We are indebted for this colossal work of beauty to the genius of Bernini who designed and directed its construction under the Popes: Alexander VII and Clement IX.
The two porticoes are supported by 284 columns and 88 pilasters which, divided into four rows, encircle the square thus forming a kind of colossal vestibule for receiving the faithful who come to venerate the tomb of the Apostle. The top of the porticoes is decorated by 162 statues in Bernini’s style. Official Rome Guide, Rome walking city Tours.
The two fountains ornamenting the square are both after the design of the architect Carlo Maderno: the one on the left is the oldest and was raised by order of Pope Paul V in 1620, the other dates from the period of Pope Clement X who had it erected under the direction of the architect Carlo Fontana, in imitation of the other one, in 1685.